Tuesday, September 14, 2010

Determine the success of EAI concepts

How to learn from previous experience, U.S. and European companies do not take the meandering paths, so that China's IT development to catch up with the shortest possible time and more than the world advanced level, is worth exploring.

Information deepening more and more enterprises begin to face new challenges: how to apply from a single department to enterprise-level applications up to a real enterprise business automation and help enterprises to improve their core competitiveness. To meet this challenge, we must build enterprise information systems technology from the past, a single application-oriented development model to proceed from the overall demand for enterprise, business-oriented model years, both companies now have to consider one single business sector demand and take into account the company's overall development. This requires the enterprise CIO who need to look past a single department to enterprise-class business applications onto a comprehensive plan. In the face of this challenge, how to learn from previous experience, U.S. and European companies do not take the meandering paths, so that China's IT development to catch up with the shortest possible time and more than the world advanced level, is worth exploring. Kirin far forward integration of its innovative idea, developed the world's leading integrated platform BusinessWare, and is the world's 500 largest companies and government use. Here, we share our views on the integrated view to promoting the development of information technology in China.

Idea Integration is the key to success

To successfully achieve application integration, integration must first establish the correct concept: the purpose of integration is to establish enterprise architecture for business process to flow smoothly. On any business, establishment of IT systems is intended to support business operations with IT to improve their core competitiveness, not just to build a "information island" the perfect IT system.

An enterprise to achieve its customer data in sync between multiple applications to improve customer service quality while achieving the business to revenue goals; company president to a "president of the cockpit" is to keep abreast of business operations, to facilitate the timely decisions. That is what we have to solve the "information island" problem of power. However, the only way to solve the "information island" is not enough, IT technology must allow into the production process to be truly supportive of business, and enhance the role of core competence. For example, a customer buying a telecommunications service, is the first after the opening of contributory service, or make payments after the first opening of service? The answer, of different companies is not the same, on a company's different development periods may be different, even the same company, different customers may not be the same. Here is not just a solution to the "information island", but rather a flexible business process integration issues.

Integration is the core of business process management. Today, business process management is an industry in every issue of concern, it is widely used in finance, telecommunications, energy, manufacturing, government and insurance industries. For example, banks need a flexible service channel integration restructuring the core business from low-profit child care development to other businesses need business process management; telecommunications services and failure to maintain the opening of business process management are inseparable; manufacturing orders and production management is linked with business process management.

Integrated not only to solve the "information island" problem. Integration is the ability to improve enterprise information, enabling IT to play to support business, to improve the role of core competence. Achieve this goal, is inseparable from the core of business process management of enterprise application integration (EAI / BPI) technology.

Integrated planning is a guarantee of success

Europe and the United States and other countries and companies, the Chinese enterprise informatization construction is lagging behind, mainly manifested in two aspects: First, relatively few IT applications; Second, existing IT systems and backward integration is not high. This is insufficient is an advantage because it allows us to avoid going U.S. and European companies "first development, after the integration," the old road, beginning in the IT project to fully consider the integration of planning, to establish a sound enterprise architecture (Enterprise Architecture) for enterprises to share information and provide a reliable infrastructure.

For businesses, using a technology not because they like it, but how the technology can do any good for the company to solve a problem. From the perspective of the business planning integration, not only can solve the existing "information isolated island" problem, but also to prevent future recurrence of the same problem. Since the development of any system in which age has its limitations, this newly developed system could be tomorrow's "information island", a company architect and CIO to consider the question should not be just some of the the synchronization of business information, but rather how to build enterprise IT system, it not only in the present and the future of information are synchronized with the ability to achieve.

The problem is the same process, cross-application process integration issues that must be considered, it is to achieve not merely the existing process to string together several systems, but to provide a flexible process integration mechanism.

As an enterprise architect and CIO, must be based on the needs of current and future business development, to divide up different applications, and plan a flexible integration platform to connect them together in overall process management and monitoring to achieve the same time, provide flexible space for future changes. This requires a sound corporate structure, in this framework, existing applications can be seamlessly embedded in business processes across the enterprise, the various departments of the business processes, departments and business processes between departments, business and enterprise business processes between supply chain business processes between the upper and lower levels can be fully realized.

Enterprise Architecture connection with the needs of the enterprise restructuring process, in accordance with the overall business processes and application integration of these 鏁版嵁 so in accordance with the business of the drive in the application of flow between the various departments, to applications synergies between the department's coordination and Quan overall enterprise-wide collaboration and automation, enabling IT applications with business needs, and the realization of business processes to provide sufficient guarantees. Meanwhile, the enterprise architecture will further consider how the large number of business partners, and the upper and lower levels of upstream and downstream business operations between enterprises, systems integration, through B2B integration between business processes to achieve automation and collaboration.

Moreover, the enterprise architecture should have a strong adaptive ability. Enterprise Architecture is not a cure, the rigid, but an open, scalable, extensible, able to "Times". When the business process execution in the monitoring and analysis of the process, reveals that some process bottlenecks and problems, and the resulting need to improve and perfect the process; or with the development of enterprises, business process change, enterprise architecture provides fast and easily change the flow mechanisms and capacity to IT-based processes to adapt to real time business processes to meet enterprise business needs.

With this enterprise platform, users can follow the established procedure, starting from the top of the business logic, and gradually in-depth, leading to eventual application integration goals.

The successful integration of technology is a weapon

With the proper integration of ideas and planning, the next important issue is to adopt effective integrated weapon - an integrated platform.

For businesses, choose an integrated weapons problems commonly encountered are: the selection of a middleware product from the bottom began to write their own integration code, or choose a mature integrated platform? If you already have a correct and clear idea of integration of integrated planning, then your answer to this question should be very clear, that is to choose a process integration as the core integration platform. Reasons for this choice is simple: middleware can solve specific application development problems, integrated platform to be completed from the business level, enterprise application integration.

So, middleware and integration platform, what are differences between what?

This concept is in the application middleware architecture (Application Architecture) development history, along with three (3-Tiers) or multi-layer (n-Tiers) structure came into being. In the three-tier or multi-layer structure is before the application is usually a two-tier structure, namely client / presentation layer, and server / data layer. In order to solve the trade problem, apply the logic of common questions and loose coupling problems in client / presentation layer, and server / data layer introduced between the middle layer, which is middleware. Typically, middleware is divided into transaction middleware, application middleware and messaging middleware, which ensures the system heterogeneity, scalability, and distribution of the feasibility of running, but they would solve the problem is the realization of specific applications.

Integration (EAI / BPI) is different, it is not concerned with the specific application development, but how to integrate various applications of an enterprise as a whole to address the departments and enterprises and enterprise collaboration and automation. While messaging middleware integration technology is developed on the basis, but after ten years of development, it has already far beyond the scope of message oriented middleware, but as the operating system and database as a basis for business or government agency IT facilities, an important part of the enterprise architect and CIO must first consider.

Characteristics of first-generation EAI technology is the use of reliable sources middleware, the rich connectivity and conversion technology and comprehensive meta-data (META DATA) management and application ability, 瑙e喅 information sharing and information exchange issues, but also makes the business of IT system easier to maintain and manage, saving IT costs for enterprises. But the EAI technology issues more on the data level rather than at the operational level.

The late 20th century, 90s, and the rapid development of enterprise business integration and e-commerce application integration solutions on a higher demand, limited to information integration very difficult the first generation of EAI technology to achieve automatic processing of business processes, management and monitoring, therefore, based on Business Process Management / Integration (BPM / BPI) emerged the second generation of EAI technology. This generation EAI technology for enterprise business processes by implementing a comprehensive analysis and management to meet business and customers, business partners need to achieve end to end business processes, smooth external and internal data flow, information flow and business flow. Second-generation EAI technology is the current mainstream of the development of integration technology.

Currently, EAI technology being the third generation of integration technology evolution, this is the "pre-integration", which according to the characteristics of different integration technology industry, launched the industry's pre-construction based on an integrated package, pre-settlement industry, common problems, thus shortening the EAI project development cycle. The key point of pre-integrated products is its "reusability", "scalability" and "flexibility", this way can we ensure that the products of the same time, enterprises can based on their business demand for flexible configuration and expansion.

From the middleware and integration technologies we can easily see the difference, not a middleware enterprise integration issues can be resolved. Only process integration as the core enterprise application integration (EAI / BPI) platform to solve the integration problem is an effective weapon. Kirin away record of BusinessWare integration platform is such a platform, during the past decade, nearly 500 large companies successfully used the results fully demonstrate the correct integration of the power of ideas arising from integration.


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